Genetics impact what medicine is right for your patients.

Most drugs available are prescribed as a “one size fits all,” but they won’t have the same results for everyone. It can be difficult to predict who will benefit from a medication, who will not respond at all, and who will experience negative side effects. Now we have learned how inherited differences in genes affect the body’s response to medications. These genetic differences will be used to predict whether a medication will be effective for a patient. Patient’s genetics and medical history will be used to determine the best medications for them by a clinical pharmacist.

Benefits Include

Eliminate Trial and Error

Find the right drug

Safer Doses

With better alternatives

Minimize Side Effects

Have better outcomes

Patients Save Time

Stop repeated visits

Discover Genetic Risks

Learn about possible health risks

Genetic Report For Life

Guide future decisions

Pharmacogenomics LLC has pharmacogenomic specialized clinical pharmacists that understand the intricacies of pharmacotherapy and the different genetic and non-genetic factors that translate into improving lives, minimizing risk, lowering side effects, choosing the best cost effective therapeutic agent, and improving compliance and many other measured outcomes. Our services are tailored to your practice to enable you to be the diagnostician and let us be the drug information and drug therapy specialists.  With our experience and information you can be rest assured our integration is smooth, transparent, and of a higher quality.  Let us help you make the best choice for your patients.

Pharmacogenenomic testing concentrates on the following core areas and many more:


⊕ Cardiovascular
⊕ Psychiatric & Neurological
⊕ Oncological
⊕ Immunological
⊕ Gastrological
⊕ Pain

Are you interested in bringing in the benefits of pharmacogenomics with the knowledge and expertise of a trained and experienced pharmacist?

To get started please call or email us at any time, we will reach out to you to address any questions and gladly will meet you.  We are specialized pharmacogenomic clinical pharmacists who put the patient first. It is apparent that the field of pharmacogenomics needs to be handled by qualified pharmacists rather than sales reps who leave piles of papers and false promises.  Our program and connections are here to make you stand apart, lower your risks, increase your ratings, improve outcomes, and prevent adverse events.

Understand if your practice model fits pharmacogenomic testing:

  • Do your patients suffer from cardiovascular, psychiatric, neurological, oncological, immunological, gastrointestinal, and pain?
  • Have your patients had instances of supra or sub-therapeutic effects with normal dosing?
  • Have your patients had serious adverse reactions to medication classes?
  • Are your patient’s currently taking drugs are affected by their pharmacogenomics?
  • Have you had patients who have failed multiple therapy options or have compliance issues?
  • All of these patients and more can benefit from pharmacogenomic testing.



What is pharmacogenomic testing?
In short, pharmacogenomic testing looks for differences in your genes to understand how you respond to medication.  From this information we may reveal hypersenativities, better medication choices, avoid adverse drug reactions, and the correct dosing when a trained healthcare personal interpret your results.
When should pharmacogenomic testing be done?
Anytime, your results are for a lifetime. It is always best to have the latest information on hand for your healthcare team to utilize before starting a new medication, changing medications, or discontinuing medications. For example, it would be best to know which antidepressant your body is most likely to respond to before starting a medication trial when every moment matters.
Who should get pharmacogenomic testing?
Everyone. Just like age, weight, kidney function, and liver function based dosing and medication selection, pharmacogenomics lets you see how your body responds to medications. You want the best dose and medication. Take Plavix for an example, for some people they may not properly convert it and be at an extremely elevated risk of having clot due to a lack of effectiveness. Knowing who you are inside lets clinical staff decide the best method of treatment.
What are the benefits of pharmacogenomic testing for patients?
To understand what medication is personally best for you, improve quality of life by avoiding side effects and adverse drug reactions, and decrease your risk of the #3 leading cause of death in the US.
What are the benefits of pharmacogenomic testing for physicians?
To utilize cutting edge information to make the safest medication choices at the correct dosages while avoiding dangerous adverse drug events and lower risks placed on you and the patient.
How much does Pharmacogenomic testing cost?
It ranges from as low as $60 dollar extremely limited testing & reporting to upwards of $400 dollars for a wide scope of alleles and a quality report if paid for by cash. Insurances are starting to cover it more often.
Is patient’s genetic information kept safe?
Yes, in general most pharmacogenomic laboratories take your sample, deidentify the sample, assign a number, clean the sample cells, multiply the genetic material the cells have for a stronger signal using a PCR machine, and finally use a test assay that looks for specific differences related to specific pharmacogenes. They are not gathering ancestral or parental information. The test simply checks which difference you have and relates that information to a specific type of metabolizer or hypersensitivity.  Some tests do reveal information related to Alzheimer’s and thrombotic (clotting/heart attack) risk. In addition GINA in the US protects you from discrimination from employers, applications, and health insurances. That is why it is important to work with a Clinical Pharmacist who understands what goals you have in mind and has reviewed the lab results, test assay, marketing, research, and processes.
Here is additional information to learn more about the field of Pharmacogenomics. Click on their logo to be redirected to their site.

Drugs and the genes that affect them.

CPIC is an international consortium of individual volunteers and a small dedicated staff who are interested in facilitating use of pharmacogenetic tests for patient care.

Drugs, Pathways, Dosing Guidelines, Drug Labels, and more

The mission of the Pharmacogenomics Research Network (PGRN) is to catalyze and lead research in precision medicine for the discovery and translation of genomic variation influencing therapeutic and adverse drug effects.

Please visit the NIH for an introduction to fundamental topics related to human genetics, including illustrations and basic explanations of genetics concepts.

The National Center for Biotechnology Information advances science and health by providing access to biomedical and genomic information.

Genetic Testing Registry (GTR®) provides a central location for voluntary submission of genetic test information by providers. The scope includes the test’s purpose, methodology, validity, evidence of the test’s usefulness, and laboratory contacts and credentials.

ClinVar aggregates information about genomic variation and its relationship to human health.

MedGen organizes information related to human medical genetics.

To increase genetics literacy in health care professionals and thereby enhance quality of care in order to optimize the health and well-being of Canadians.

Online repository of genomics educational materials and peer-reviewed collections for genetic counselors, nurses, pharmacists, physician assistants, and physicians

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